Traumatic Head & Brain Injuries

Of the many types of head injuries, all are either open or closed. If the skull remains intact, it is a closed head injury. Should an object pierce the skull it is a penetrating head injury. Brain injuries either occur over a wide area, or are focal, located in a small, specific area. A head injury may cause a skull fracture, which may or may not be associated with injury to the brain.

Head injury is a trauma to the head.

There are many common causes of head injuries. This includes traffic accidents, home and occupational accidents, falls, and assaults. Bicycle accidents often cause head injury-related death and disability. It especially applies to children. Head injuries can result in attention, emotional, and memory loss problems. Severe head injuries may lead to a coma or death.

Common Symptoms of Head Injury:

  • Loss of consciousnessbrain injuries
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Personality change
  • Seizures
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache

Specific Problems after Head Injury Include:

Brain Injury: the disruption of the normal functioning of a brain. It is caused by a blow, jolt, or penetration to the head.

Concussion: an injury to the head causing the brain to strike the skull. It may result in brain malfunctions such as memory loss.

Cerebral Contusion: a bruise to the brain caused by a direct impact to the head. The result may be attention, emotional, and memory problems.

Cerebral Contusion: a bruise to the brain caused by a direct impact to the head. The result may be attention, emotional, and memory problems.

Skull Fracture: a break in one or more of the bones in the skull caused by a head injury. Isolated skull fractures are not very serious injuries. But usually the presence of a skull fracture indicates significant enough impact occurred to cause brain trauma, which is quite serious.